What Are the Different Steps Involved in the Process of IVF?

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What Are the Different Steps Involved in the Process of IVF?

When you are in the stage of starting the IVF process for infertility, you are not only full of excitement but anxiety also.

You may have tried other infertility treatments that did not provide fruitful results. Or, it may be the first option in your case.

Whatever the case, understanding the steps and steps will make you feel comfortable and in more control.

Meaning of IVF

In-Vitro Fertilization known as IVF is a reproductive technique that assists the woman to conceive.

Eggs of the woman and sperm of the man are collected and then fertilized outside the body. After that, the resulting embryo is implanted into the uterus of the lady.  

This is a highly advanced medical practice performed by infertility specialists.

An infertility specialist at EVA IVF centre is leading with her high rate of success.

She said that  “IVF is a blessing to give parental happiness to childless couples.”

Generally, IVF is an option to fertilize the egg when sperm fails to fertilize it naturally.

This can be a problem with the egg, ovulation, uterine environment, sperm, or other complex causes.

The gametes of both men and women used in this procedure can be from donors.

We will look at the step-by-step process, it’s cost and health insurance options.

IVF has the following five main stages: 

1. Ovarian Stimulation

2. Egg Retrieval

3. Sperm Retrieval

4. Fertilization

5. Embryo Implantation

Ovarian Stimulation

The first stage of IVF involves the production of eggs by the ovaries. As we know, human ovaries release a mature egg into the fallopian tube every month.

This action is called ovulation. The egg then moves to the uterus according to the menstrual cycle.

However, for in-vitro fertilization, we need multiple oocytes to ensure that at least 2-8 of them become fertilized.

For this, the woman is given injectable fertility drugs that trigger the ovaries to release several mature eggs.

This is known as ovarian stimulation. Throughout the procedure, your doctor monitors the growth of the follicles through an ultrasound scan.

This stage takes 8 to 12 days. This is preceded by semen analysis, uterine evaluation and ovarian suppression.

Also Read- Things You Should And Shouldn’t Do During IVF

Collection of eggs

The second stage of IVF begins 36 hours after the last injection to stimulate ovulation. This is egg retrieval.

The procedure is conducted under sedation. Not general anesthesia, but to bring sleep and relieve pain.

The process lasts for 15-20 minutes and needs a high level of expertise. Eva has a skilled team of infertility doctors and technicians who specialize in extracting healthy eggs required for fertilization.

The obtained cells are then transferred to an embryology laboratory for fertilization.

Collection of sperms

This IVF stage is consistent with the egg retrieval step. Probably on the same day, your partner will visit the doctor’s clinic to provide a semen sample.

If you are not going to use your partner’s sperm, then a sample is taken from a sperm donor. 

Sperms are extracted from the semen fluid sample and in the next step used to fertilize the eggs, which occurs within a few hours.

Egg Fertilization

In this fourth stage of IVF, the male and female gametes obtained from the couple reach the laboratory.

Healthy and mature eggs are separated and safely placed in a culture medium. The temperature and constituency of the medium are designed to mimic that of the human uterus.

In a few hours, the eggs are attached to the sperm. There are two ways used for this.

The first is the natural or traditional method, in which the petri dish is left alone for fertilization. For some couples, another method of artificial insemination (ICSI) is adopted. 

In the ICSI method, For the purpose of fertilization, the sperm cells are introduced directly into the protoplasm of egg cells for fertilization.

Embryo Transfer

The next step in IVF treatment for conception is embryo transfer. It occurs between 3 and 6 days after fertilization.

Embryologists check embryos (fertilized eggs) with the help of a microscope and recognize healthy ones.

Genetic screening may also be done to select the best chromosomal quality of the embryo.

After this, the doctor and the couple talk to decide how many embryos should be implanted. Typically, two or three embryos are implanted.

A pregnancy test declares a successful conception!

At this stage, freezing healthy embryos is also an option that can be taken advantage of. Frozen samples can be useful for later pregnancy planning.

Cost of IVF

The cost depends on the number of cycles provided for the desired result.

At the Eva Infertility Center, IVF is quite affordable and the total cost ranges between INR1,00,000 to 1,35,000.

They also provide treatment covered under health insurance policies by several health companies.

The best thing is that you can get admitted to a cashless hospitalization and treatment, stress-free.

About The Author

Dr Shivani Bhutani
A doctor with a rich background and high success rate, Dr. Shivani Bhutani offers the boon of parenthood to couples dealing with infertility. She has opulent knowledge and expertise in offering successful treatment for infertility in females, gynecological disorders, and family planning consultation services. Highly dedicated, concerned, and attentive, Dr. Shivani understands the bliss of parenthood and offers appropriate medical help.