IUI also known as Intrauterine insemination is a simple methodology or a choice that can be helpful for couples who are suffering from unpredictable infertility, low sperm motility, or other factors in conceiving before choosing the most difficult fertility treatment.
This is usually done with the help of ovulation-inducing drugs.
This is usually done near the time of ovulation. Few doctors provide you medicine to help with ovulation, while others work with your natural cycle. All this depends on your medical history and fertility results.
Firstly the sperm cells from a male partner or sperm donor are washed and sorted and are then placed through a tube and inserted directly into the uterus.
There are several benefits of this treatment. This places a number of sperm cells directly into the uterus, which makes it easier for them to reach the fallopian tubes and the egg, which increases the chances of fertilization.
IUI is a procedure that has minimal side effects. But some women may feel cramps after IUI.
Cramps After IUI
Cramps are common after IUI because:
This is a fertile treatment that is done during ovulation, when one, or sometimes more than one, the egg is released.
Ovulation can cause cramps when it is allowed to occur either naturally or with the help of medicines.
Therefore, it is normal for women to feel cramps after the IUI procedure.
When a tube is inserted through the cervix to inject sperm into the uterus, cramps can occur at that time. These cramps usually go away quickly as the tube is removed.
Most of the women also experience some cramps after the process. These can be common cramps that a woman feels during her menstrual cycle or they may be due to the process.
What are Cramps?
Abdominal pain due to involuntary muscle contraction is called cramps.
- Back and thigh pain
Causes of Cramps
There could be some other reasons:
Implantation: If treatment is successful and an egg is fertilized, intrauterine insemination can cause cramps several days after treatment. In the early stages of pregnancy, the cramping may be a sign of embryo implantation in the uterine wall.
Irritation of the uterine: A catheter that is used to inject semen into the uterus can sometimes cause irritation. Mild cramps may occur due to irritation in the uterus.
After ovulation: Even though pregnancy does not occur after intrauterine insemination treatment, some women may experience cramps that a woman may experience before menstruation.
Cramps from Ovulation: Sometimes women feel that cramps may be due to ovulation and not the process of intrauterine insemination. Cramps may be worse than usual if medication is taken to increase the number of eggs released during ovulation and thus many follicles have ovulated.
Related Article: Useful IUI Tips to Get High Success Rates
Reliving the Cramps
Most women who feel cramps after IUI can go through their day without going through too much pain.
Here are some remedies you can use to get rid of the pain:
Most of the treatments which are used for regular menstrual cramps are good and even helpful for relieving cramps after intrauterine insemination treatments such as:
- Wear comfortable clothes
- Consult your doctor to prescribe you a pain reliever
You should avoid:
- Very hot bath
Since the increase in your body temperature can hinder the development of the fetus.
Cramps as a Cause of Anxiety
Some cramps are normal after the transfer of the embryo and are not a cause for concern as it may be a sign of pregnancy.
Contact your doctor right away if you have:
- Shortness of breath
- Severe abdominal or pelvic pain
- Abnormal vaginal discharge
- Nausea and vomiting
- Dizziness or lightheadedness
For couples trying to conceive, Intrauterine insemination is a fairly great option and a low-risk treatment. But then there may be slight discomfort or cramps that are manageable.
Dr. Shivani Bhutani is a fertility doctor who has changed the lives of many through her expertise in IUI and other treatments.
Her extensive experience ensures high success rates in both IUI and IVF treatments.