The experience of miscarriage varies among women, and it is usually compared with fertility.
It all depends on whether it is the first pregnancy, the second or the third abortion, or the result of an accident. Whatever the reason, it’s painful for both parents.
However, couples’ main concerns are how it affects their fertility and future pregnancies, should they plan to conceive right away or should they wait, and what precautions should be taken to protect their future baby.
In this article, we will try to know various facts about fertility and abortion.
What is Miscarriage?
The term miscarriage is used to define the sudden premature termination of pregnancy. About 20% of pregnancies abort.
The percentage is higher because most women do not even know they have had an abortion.
After all, it happens very quickly, in the first to third months. 80% of miscarriages occur within the first 3 months.
Can Miscarriage Become the Cause of Infertility?
This is the most frequently asked question. Does abortion affect your fertility in future pregnancies?
According to Dr. Shivani Bhutani of Eva IVF Hospital, “this does not happen in most of the cases.
If you lose one of your fetuses at 1-3 months, there is no chance of problems in the womb affecting the next pregnancy.
In some types of miscarriage, the remaining tissue may need to be removed by a procedure called D&C.
While weighing miscarriage and fertility issues, you must remember that having an abortion itself does not lead to infertility. However, it can reveal the existing fertility issues of a person.
If you’ve had more than one experience like this before, it’s important to talk to your doctor.
As such, there is no concrete evidence of how abortion affects a person’s fertility.
Each woman gets affected differently, which makes it difficult to draw conclusions. In fact, some studies have shown that it is easier to conceive after an early abortion.
However, another report suggests that abortion may slightly reduce subsequent fertility.
Related Article: Some Common Issues Related to Male Infertility
How Soon After a Miscarriage Should One Try to Have a Baby?
Going through the experience of a miscarriage can be very difficult for a mother, either emotionally or physically.
One may wait some time to recover from this trouble and plan carefully for the next pregnancy.
Dr. Shivani advises that a woman who has had a miscarriage should abstain from sexual intercourse for the next 15 days to heal the uterus and endometrium and to avoid the risk of infection.
Anyone can try to conceive in the next menstrual cycle because you will be ovulating in the next ten days.
If you wait for a month, it becomes easy to calculate the due date without any confusion.
What Is the Probability of Having a Miscarriage Again?
The recurrent pregnancy loss is known for two or more miscarriages. The percentage of recurrent miscarriages is very low, only 1 percent.
This means that out of every 100 women who have an abortion in the first trimester, only one can have a second miscarriage.
However, if this happens, a fertility specialist should be consulted before planning the next pregnancy.
She will use your blood tests, sonography results, hormone levels, MRI, or endometrial biopsy to assess why the body is rejecting the embryo.
Recurrent pregnancies can also be caused by a genetic chromosomal abnormality for which either the father or the mother can contribute.
In this case, although the parent is normal, he or she is carrying a gene that causes a chromosomal abnormality on their egg or sperm cells.
This condition can be diagnosed by Genetic Screening. For a successful pregnancy, you can choose IVF using donor eggs or sperm.
What Can We Do to Reduce the Risk of Future Miscarriages?
As the cause of a failed pregnancy is not directly related to fertility and is not clear in every case, there are no definite formulas to prevent miscarriage. Still, you can reduce the number of possible factors.
Before you become pregnant, consult your gynecologist about diet and lifestyle changes that you can take to significantly reduce risk factors. These may include the following:
- Take vitamin tablets daily with folic acid daily for a month before trying to conceive again. This not only reduces your risk but also corrects neurological defects.
- Avoid alcohol, smoking, and
- Limit tea, coffee, or caffeinated beverages. This is great for your fertility as well as a generally better pregnancy.
If you’ve suffered the sudden miscarriage of your baby, remember that other people have followed that path too, and there are people you can connect with and gain strength from.
Dr. Shivani says, “We consult patients and assist them. Sharing with other couples and your partner helps you through your distress and being positive.