Technically the role of the male partner in IVF is to give sperm to fertilize the eggs in the embryology laboratory.
Before the beginning of the IVF process, men can improve sperm quality in order to get the best shot while giving their semen sample.
This should match the partner’s egg acquisition stage.
The production of reproductive cells in males is also cyclic and sperm cells take about 64 days to mature when they are ready to ejaculate.
This means that over a period of 64 days, males can be behaviorally and nutritionally make an effort to ensure that their gametes are the healthiest possible.
As far as dietary and lifestyle choices are concerned, they can be adopted 2-3 months before IVF to increase quality and mobility.
Role of a male in IVF process
Here is a brief summary of what is involved in the IVF procedure:
- Fertility drugs for Women
- Egg Retrieval
- Sperm Retrieval
The Sperm Retrieval attaches with Egg retrieval known as stage 2 and stage 3 and can be achieved through masturbation or other less invasive methods.
How to improve sperm quality?
For couples who are trying to conceive naturally or with IVF, there are certain things a man can do to improve the quality of semen along with providing emotional support to his wife.
It takes 2 to 3 months to complete the cycle, so you have plenty of time to provide the best sample.
Although millions of sperm are produced every day, they have varying quality, morphology, and mobility. Mobility and density may vary from time to time.
However, maintaining a healthy diet and lifestyle will help to establish a good foundation for cell production.
Since it takes 2 to 3 months for cells to mature so the choices you make in the months before your sperm retrieval procedure can affect its quality. Let’s find out which things can affect the quality and count of your gamete.
Emotional Health: Studies have proved that couples who seek counseling prior to IVF are able to handle the IVF challenges in a better way.
Diet: Men undergoing infertility treatment should monitor their diet. Infertility Specialist in Ludhiana Dr. Shivani Bhutani says “ Men undergoing fertility treatment using Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) should consume the best micronutrients diet.”
In an ample amount, they are found in seafood, poultry, dried fruits, whole grains, fruits, and fresh vegetables.
Stay away from hormone-depleting minerals: Non-organic fruits and vegetables contain chemicals like lead, mercury, and parabens, which have detrimental effects on the health of your sperm.
Keep testicles cool: Exposure to heat like hot tubs, Jacuzzis, saunas, and even hot baths can lower sperm count. Wear loose-fitting ventilated clothing, and never place your laptop in your lap.
Stop drinking too much alcohol: If you drink too much then you should stop because this will reduce the quality and count of sperm. However, the good news is that the previous effects of heavy drinking can be reversed. Reduce alcohol consumption to improve reproductive health prior to the IVF procedure.
Quit Smoking: It is better to leave instantly. It has been found that smoking affects sperm parameters. It contains toxins that are bad for their health.
Sleep: Balance the amount and pattern of your sleep. More than nine hours and less than six hours of sleep can affect your sperm count. Hence, getting the right amount of sleep is important here.
Supplements: Certain vitamins, herbs, and supplements are known to improve sperm characteristics which can also increase productivity, quality, and performance.
Below are some of them:
Vitamin C: In addition to weight loss, some studies have concluded that taking vitamin C can improve the motility of sperm.
Vitamin D: Researchers have concluded that sperm have a vitamin D receptor and also recommended that men who are ready to undertake IVF must take the supplements.
Zinc: A relationship between zinc and infertility has been found in men. By combining it with folic acid, add it as a supplement for some time.
Vitamin B: It’s a Good Idea to Take a Daily Dose of B Vitamins While Preparing for IVF.
Ashwagandha: This is a traditional Indian and Ayurvedic medicine that has been recognized as an excellent method to treat sexual dysfunction and infertility in males.
A 2.5-fold increase in sperm count, a 1.5-fold increase in semen volume and motility were found at 3 months of the administration.