Female infertility accounts for a majority of cases of couples failing to conceive worldwide. The condition calls for infertility treatment. There are various options for infertility treatments. Most popular among them is IVF.
If you have been trying to get pregnant for 1 year, and haven’t succeeded, then it might be the right time to visit your doctor. If you had a manual about the signs of female infertility, you would read it as soon as possible; wouldn’t you?
So here we present some signs of the same-
- Irregular periods: If you have a problem of irregularity in your periods, then it might be an indicator of bigger problems. Considering that the menstrual cycle of a lady should happen sometime between 21 and 35 days, if your periods are not according to this time frame, then they are irregular. With irregular periods, the ovulation time will be difficult to predict. The periods may be irregular due to the low or high activity of the thyroid gland, PCOS or some other conditions. These are directly connected to infertility. One should also note the intensity and frequency of periods.
- Pain during sex : If you experience pain during sexual intercourse, chances are that it might be due to endometriosis or pelvic inflammatory disease.
- Hormonal imbalance: If you experience sudden weight gain, facial hair, hair loss, acne, it could well be an indication of hormonal imbalance.
- Vaginal itchiness –If you experience vaginal itching accompanied by a discharge, it indicates the presence of a vaginal infection. Infections such as chlamydia and gonorrhea can lead to infertility if left untreated.
Causes of Female Infertility
Problems in the ovulation process account for 25 % of problems in conception. These problems occur when the female wither doesn’t ovulate properly or there is no ovulation at all. Excess prolactin, premature ovarian failure or PCOS might be the reason behind it.
Blockage of the fallopian tube, scarring or presence of infection like chlamydia and gonorrhea can prevent the egg from getting fertilizers.
It is a condition in which the inner lining of the uterus starts growing in other areas like fallopian tubes, ovaries or the intestines. Such growth can cause scarring and infertility.
Uterine and cervical causes
If there are certain problems with the uterus or the cervix, then the fertilization might not at place. Lack of mucus makes the motion of the sperm to the uterus difficult. If the shape of the uterus is not normal or if the woman is suffering from endometriosis, then it may lead to problems in conception.
With maturity comes the decrease in chances of conception. The ovarian reserve begins to diminish in the early 30s and the quality falls down with the advancing years. So, the more the age of the woman, the less the chances of conception.
Usually, the reasons lie in some of the points mentioned above. But sometimes, the doctor is completely unable to pinpoint any valid reason for infertility. This is termed as unexplained infertility. It may include failure of the egg to be released at the right time or the inability of the sperm to travel to the egg.