The fallopian tubes are the female reproductive organs that connect the ovaries and the uterus. Fertilization occurs in the fallopian tubes.
This is where the sperm meets the egg. From here the fertilized zygote travels where it gets implanted and develops into an embryo.
A blockage in either or one of the two thin muscular tubes can cause a number of problems, preventing a fertilized egg from reaching the uterus, which can lead to female infertility.
If only one fallopian tube is blocked, it may still be possible to get pregnant because the egg can travel to the other side as there are two ovaries.
However, if both tubes are completely blocked, it is not possible to conceive naturally unless one or both are unblocked.
Causes for Blocked Fallopian Tubes
Fallopian tubes can be blocked for several reasons, such as:
- Sexually transmitted infections
- Previous Ectopic pregnancy
- Endometriosis – The lining of the uterus grows into other organs
- Pelvic Infections Or Inflammatory Diseases
- Some abnormal growths such as fibroids
- Previous surgery that resulted in adhesions or damage
There are usually no symptoms of fallopian tube blockage. A test is usually done when a woman is having difficulty conceiving.
Diagnosis can be reached with various imaging tests such as X-rays or ultrasound.
A Hysterosalpingogram (HSG) is a type of X-ray that assesses the inside of the fallopian tubes to help detect blockages.
During an HSG, a dye is inserted into your uterus and fallopian tubes to help your doctor see more of the inside of your fallopian tubes on an X-ray. This should be done within the first half of your period.
An ultrasound test is also known as a Sonohysterogram. It is similar to an HSG test but uses sound waves to display a picture of the fallopian tubes.
Keyhole surgery is called laparoscopy. Making a small incision in the body, the surgeon inserts a small camera inside to take pictures of the fallopian tubes.
Also Read: IUI and Cramping
Many claim natural remedies and aim to reduce inflammation by removing the obstruction in the fallopian tubes.
Although these natural remedies are popular and some people claim success, there is no scientific evidence to support these claims.
If the patient has an open tube and is healthy, it is possible to get pregnant without much assistance.
On the side of the open tube, fertility drugs may be prescribed to increase the chances of ovulation.
But if both tubes are blocked, this may not be an option.
An outpatient surgical procedure, laparoscopy is used in reproductive medicine to diagnose and treat endometriosis edges, pelvic scarring, and fallopian tube obstructions.
A minimally invasive surgery (MIS) is one of the most trusted medical disciplines for its efficiency and minimal trauma to the body. The goal of MIS is to diagnose and treat conditions in a process.
A thin tube with a tiny camera called a laparoscope is inserted through an incision in the button of the abdomen, providing a video feed to the surgeon.
Tissues in the operation area are amplified by a laparoscope, giving the surgeon a better view than with conventional surgery.
The examination is done internally with the help of two other small incisions, just above the pelvic bone and on the left side of the abdomen. Sometimes a dye will be injected to determine the obstruction of the fallopian tubes.
Laparoscopy may take 45 minutes to 3 hours. The greater the number of endometriosis lesions that need to be removed, the longer the procedure will take. In most cases, hospital stays are too short.
Blockage of fallopian tubes may be one of the major causes of infertility in women.
Timely diagnosis and laparoscopic treatment by a competent gynecological surgeon can treat this condition with a very high success rate.
Dr. Shivani Bhutani is a very experienced gynecologist who specializes in infertility and IVF treatment. Book an appointment now!