Uterine Tuberculosis (TB) is a silent condition that many women learn about during their battle with infertility. Uterine TB is an infection that generally spreads from the uterus to the Fallopian tubes and to other reproductive organs. The extent of damage caused by the bacteria differs from one person to another and there are no obvious symptoms of the infection.
According to statistics, roughly 18% of the women living with lung tuberculosis move ahead to contract uterine or pelvic tuberculosis.
How Can We Understand Uterine Tuberculosis (TB)!
Tuberculosis is a common disease, triggered by an infection. The TB bacteria basically affect the lungs during its initial stages after which, the infection spreads to the bloodstream and to the rest of the body. When it comes to Uterine TB, the infection affects the uterine lining. When the infection spreads from the Fallopian tubes to the uterine lining, this causes Pelvic Tuberculosis or Genital Tuberculosis.
Possible Causes of Uterine Tuberculosis
TB is among the world’s most common airborne diseases. Therefore, a pregnant woman can get infected in case she comes into contact with the infected person. This may be through breathing the same air, or in case the infected person coughs spits or sneezes. Through this, the bacteria will enter the woman’s lungs and with time, it will conquer her genital organs.
In case undetected and treated, the infection will invade the woman’s Fallopian tubes and then spread to the uterus.
How Do I Know That I Have Uterus Tuberculosis
There are no definite symptoms of Uterine Tuberculosis since it may remain silent for over 18 years in one’s body. Other possible symptoms may remain;
- Pelvic pain
- Weight Loss
- Menstrual Issues
- Unexplained Vaginal Discharge
Uterine TB Diagnosis & Treatment
Blood tests can help diagnose uterine TB with any physical symptoms for effective treatment. The good news is that uterine TB can completely be cured in case detected during the initial stage, but there are high chances of testing negative. Anti-tubercular therapy ‘ATT’, is an anti-TB medicine used to treat it in conjunction with a healthy diet.
Pregnant women with TB must be treated carefully and periodical tests are necessary to evaluate the body’s response to the treatment. Specialized care tips are generally illustrated to help you throughout your pregnancy.
In case the infection had damaged the Fallopian tubes, any treatment could be taken to repair the damage if possible.
Can I Conceive Naturally After Uterine TB Treatment?
It generally depends on the extent of damage left behind. Some women may have a single Fallopian tube damaged, whereas others may have then damaged. In other cases, the would-be normal tube may fail to facilitate pregnancy, which means that the woman must head for IVF (In Vitro Fertilization).
Your IVF treatment will begin once your TB treatment is completed. During your TB treatment, the following may be noted;
- Abdominal pain
- Loss of Appetite
Find ways to reduce stress and stay away from polluted zones. A healthy diet is recommended in order to fight the infection.