Male infertility is another form of barrier that prevents a male from helping his wife conceive. Currently, male infertility cases are escalating at a speedy rate and the trouble shooters include stress, lifestyle, genetics, among other conditions. However, apart from those, fertility experts have recorded more cases of male infertility triggered by;
- Testicular Issues
Testicular problems are common among childbearing males and they include; undescended testes, infection, inflammation, testicular cancer, and lumps in the scrotum. Problems with the testes hinder sperm production as well as transportation.
- DNA deterioration
This includes chromosome defects that are at times triggered by genes. Klinefelter’s syndrome is the commonest where a boy is born with two X chromosomes and one Y chromosome instead of X and Y.
- Ejaculation Issues
Critical ejaculation issues like retrograde ejaculation also occur and in this case, instead of the semen coming out of the penis, it will just enter the bladder during orgasm. Health conditions that commonly trigger ejaculation problems include spinal injuries, diabetes, surgery, medications among other factors.
Fertility experts also report increasing cases of irregular sperm DNA methylation as well as irregular semen parameters in males.
This is a swelling in the veins of the testicle. Varicocele is very common in males, but the good news is that it’s reversible. The cause of varicocele isn’t generally known, but fertility experts believe that it may be triggered by escalated temperatures that a male may get exposed to.
- Hormonal Imbalances
Factors like abnormalities and medical conditions can affect hormone production via thyroid, hypothalamus, pituitary, and adrenal glands. As a result, a male may experience low libido and decreased testosterone levels.
- Sperm Transportation Disorders
Tubal defects can cause a blockage in the sperm’s path. These blockages can occur anywhere; that is, in the testicles, in the epididymis, near the ejaculatory ducts or in the vas deferens, which automatically triggers male infertility.
What are the possible treatment approaches?
Blockages can be corrected by a surgery, whereas other conditions can be reversed by hormonal therapy, oral drugs, exercises, and diet.
ART (Assisted Reproductive Technology) is another advanced approach to treating extreme cases of male infertility. Low sperm count or oligospermia can be treated via IUI, IVF, ICSI, or with the help of donor sperms.
Hormonal treatment for male infertility includes follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH). Sperm banking is another approach to preserve healthy sperms before undergoing aggressive treatments like chemotherapy.