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Obesity: One of the Major Causes of Infertility in Women Today

As seasons go by and time unfolds itself, the desire to conceive is stirred in a woman. It’s completely natural since that is one of the fundamentals of being a complete woman. However, as some finally attain an urge of parenthood in the future, they are faced with various complications that may even require adopting. Currently, studies indicate that over 60 million couples worldwide are affected with either one or a combination of factors that hinder them from fathering or mothering children.

When it comes to female fertility, obesity has been singled out as one of the major causes of infertility and to make matters worse, the condition doesn’t only affect a woman’s chance of mothering, but also exposes her to a number of medical complications.

What is Obesity and how does it affect a woman’s chances of conception?

Obesity is a condition where a woman has excessive or unwanted fat deposits in the body. This excess fat is mainly noticeable in the tummy region, upper arms, buttocks, legs, among other body regions. Any basal Metabolic Index (BMI) over 30 is considered risky and certainly reduces a woman’s chances of giving birth.

According to fertility experts, obesity is one of the major factors accountable for the prevailing cases of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Apart from PCOS, other conditions like metabolic syndrome, hypothyroidism, and insulin resistance are also common in reproductive women and all these are triggered by obesity. PCOS as the main infertility triggers, it intervenes in the normal functioning of the ovaries by causing cysts. Matters are made worse when the blood sugars increase. Apart from the above-mentioned conditions, obese women will certainly experience;

  • Irregular periods

  • Ovulation issues

  • Increased chances of a miscarriage

  • Diabetes

  • High blood pressure, a condition which may trigger delivery complications

  • Permanent infertility

  • Reduced success with ART treatments

Fertility experts also move ahead to stress that obesity has its own issues such as vitamin D deficiency, cancer, cardiovascular diseases, endometriosis, and uterine fibroids

Vitamin D is one of the vital elements for pregnancy and during pregnancy. It is said that the active form of Vitamin D calcitriol controls the genes and estrogen levels during pregnancy. Women with a vitamin D deficiency have increased chances of miscarriages, gestational hypertension and diabetes due to hormonal imbalances.

How to gain a normal weight- obese women

  • Living an active life and opting for a healthier lifestyle are some of the fundamentals of attaining a normal weight.

  • Women are also advised to opt for effective dietary measures that reduce the amount of fat in the body. These include consuming foods rich in fiber, cut carbs, drinking more water, and reducing the intake of sugary foods.

  • Exercising regularly is also considered effective for obese women to improve conception chances and the risk of cardiovascular diseases.

  • Find effective ways of reducing stress

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