Contraception and Fertility
While humans have a natural urge to reproduce, they would like to postpone bringing their bundles of joy into the world by a few years. Married couples often delay pregnancy under the pressure of career demands or financial insecurity. They employ various methods of contraception to delay parenthood. There is a lot of speculation regarding the role of contraceptives in causing infertility. According to the medical practitioners; there is nothing to worry about as long as proper and safe methods of contraception are employed. While we continue to blame past use of contraceptives, the culprit could well be some other factor like sexually transmitted diseases, the age of the woman concerned or a lifestyle which hinders the chances of a normal, healthy pregnancy.
Methods of Contraception
The market is flooded with diverse methods of contraception. But one has to carefully segregate the safe from the unsafe ones and choose wisely and in accordance with the situation and the specific requirements. A brief look at the products will help-
- The Pill
The Pill prevents a pregnancy by altering the hormonal levels. Women usually experience no problem in conceiving after stopping the pills although it is advised to wait for a period of 2-3 months as menstrual cycles can be monitored thereafter. The pill has been pinpointed time and gain as the culprit behind infertility but a recently conducted research begs to differ from the conclusion. A research conducted in Denmark presented the conclusion that neither long-term nor short-term uses of the contraceptive pill had any adverse influence on the fertility. Fertility may reduce for the first 2-3 months after discontinuing the pills but after that period, things will fall into place. So you might have a delayed fertility, not infertility to reckon with.
It is the latest method of contraception. It is in the form of an injection which prevents unwanted pregnancy for a period of a year or soothes efficacy is 99 percent but may lead to certain side effects such as a spurt in facial hair growth, weight gain, and excessive hair fall.
Implants are used when the contraception is required for a period of 3 years or more. It contains progesterone hormone which is implanted under the skin of the upper arm.
- Intrauterine device “IUD”
An IUD is a T-shaped device inserted into the woman’s uterus. It is not the best method as it doesn’t prevent sexually transmitted infection and might lead to heavy menstruation but fertility is not hampered.
This barrier method is available for both males and females. Apart from preventing the onslaught of sexually transmitted infections, it is considered to be the most effective method of contraception. Condoms can’t rigger infertility.
- Emergency Pill
This pill, which contains a high dose of hormones, should be taken only when an unprotected sexual intercourse has occurred. It must be taken within 24 hours of the intercourse.
- Poor Health-
Being overweight or underweight or having a sedentary lifestyle coupled with unbalanced diet might culminate in infertility.
Sexually transmitted infections affect the reproductive organs of both the males and the females. Both need to be careful in this context. One such infection which goes unnoticed due to the absence of symptoms is Chlamydia. Although it affects both men and women, it causes permanent infertility in women if left untreated as it causes irreversible damage to the fallopian tubes. It is advisable to use the barrier method of contraception and continuously monitor yourself for STI.
- Woman’s age
As a woman ages, her capacity to conceive and carry a full term pregnancy diminishes. So the age factor might be acting spoilsport this time.
- Substance abuse
It is better to refrain from alcohol and smoking to ensure a healthy pregnancy and sound health of the baby.