A genetic test is a medical test which identifies the changes in the chromosomes, proteins, or genes. Currently more than 1000 genetic tests are in use and still, more are in the developing process. The results of the test will suspect the genetic condition or determine even if there are some chances that person is developing any genetic disorder.
Different methods are used for genetic testing.
- The chromosomal genetic test analyzes the length of DNA to check if there are any genetic changes.
- Molecular genetic tests the short length of DNA which identify the problems that lead to genetic disorder.
- Biochemical genetic tests total amount of protein level.
The test also helps to identify a problem related to male infertility. There are some reasons which can decrease your partner chances to conceive.
- Sperm quantity is very less to fertilize an egg.
- The movement and shape of the sperm is not the way it should be.
- The sperm is not able to reach the women ovaries because of blockage in the reproductive tract.
Some Of The Factors Of Male Infertility
- Male chromosome abnormalities
Before starting the infertility treatment, the most important thing is to identify the reason. There are around 15% of men who are facing some type of chromosome abnormality. This is diagnosed with the karyotype which is usually in the form of the blood sample. With the test, it evaluates the shape, size, and the number of chromosomes in body cells.
- Semen analysis
This might be the first test your doctor will recommend to check the issue with fertility. It is the fluid which is released when men have an orgasm. In this the sperm is carried with is nourished and protected by the fluid. The sample will help in analyzing a lot of things such as the quality and quantity of the semen as well as the sperm. In addition to this, the total count of sperm in semen, in each millimeter of sperm how many sperms are, how many sperms are moving, and identifies the shape of the sperm. Lastly, it can also check if you have an infection in the reproductive system.
- Hormonal levels
The sperm production is controlled with the chemicals found in your body which are referred to as hormones. If you are having a hormonal imbalance it will affect your ability while having intercourse. Whether the hormones level is high or low it will create a problem in both situations. The most important hormones are follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and testosterone (T). The doctor will check that both of the hormones should be in the right amount. He can also check the luteinizing hormone (LH), estradiol, and prolactin hormone.