5 Common Symptoms of Infertility in Males & Females

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5 Common Symptoms of Infertility in Males & Females

When you are trying to conceive through natural means without success, it is a “sign” of infertility. However, this is not a cause of concern.

Most issues are treatable, with great advances in medical and ART-assisted reproductive technology.

When a woman fails to conceive, one-third of the time it causes female infertility, one-third is the male component and the rest is a combination of male and female factors.

You cannot fully diagnose it on your own, but do a little homework. See the following symptoms as indicators and solve the problem accordingly.

5 Common Symptoms of Infertility in Females

1. Not conceiving

If you are a healthy woman under 35 and do not conceive within a year of trying, it may be a sign of infertility.

If you are above 35, you shorten the time period to 6 months before consulting a fertility specialist.

The cause may be a hormonal imbalance. Your doctor can diagnose the problem and provide appropriate treatment.

2. Hormonal imbalance

An abnormal amount of female sex hormones is an underlying cause of infertility with the following signs:

  • Severe acne
  • Decreased libido or interest in sex
  • Facial hair
  • Baldness or thin hair above the head
  • Improper weight gain

Carefully analyze these symptoms, says Dr. Shivani Bhutani. Any of the above symptoms can be the symptoms of hormonal imbalance in women.

3. Abnormal periods

Any major irregularity in periods is a basic sign of infertility. Regular periods are indicators of a healthy reproductive system.

Unexpected period cycles can be PCOS or polycystic ovarian syndrome, and hormone imbalance.

Extremely painful, extended, and heavy periods can be caused by endometriosis — a condition where the tissue found in the lining of the uterus begins to swell or grow outside the uterus.

4. Pain during intercourse

Did you know that painful intercourse can be a sign of infertility?

Many women may consider it normal, but traumatic sex is an indicator of endometriosis, hormonal imbalance, E, or other underlying causes that affect the ability to conceive. Consult your doctor every time you experience pain.

5. Unusual menstrual discharge

The color of blood discharge in periods can provide clues to infertility issues. A normal discharge is red at the beginning, becoming darker at the end of the period.

When it is initially too deep, it can be a sign of endometriosis. Pale yellow discharge is also a cause for concern.

5 Common Symptoms of Infertility in Males

1. Changes in libido

Decreased or less sexual desire can be a sign of infertility in men. Fertility, hormonal health, H, and libido are interrelated. Changes in the prostate are suggestive of fertility issues.

2. Small testicles or scrotum swelling

The testicles contain sperm, so their health is important for male fertility. Small, hard, swollen, or painful testicles indicate a reproductive abnormality.

The reasons may be many. Maybe due to Infection, injury, hormonal imbalance, or a side effect of medical treatment that occurred in the past.

Your infertility specialist may medically examine the condition and suggest treatment.

3. Erectile Dysfunction

Issues of having and maintaining an erection by a male are indicative of insufficient hormone levels.

Testosterone can affect the production of both semen and orgasm, which can eventually result in infertility. However, your doctor can provide good solutions for a healthy erection. 

4. Ejaculation problem

Inability to ejaculate is a clear indication that you consult an infertility specialist. Problems with ejaculation may prevent semen from entering the vagina.

Ejaculation issues can be varied. Low amounts of semen, or entering the bladder instead of coming out.

Spinal cord injury, diabetes, medications, and surgery of the bladder, prostate, or urethra maybe some of the reasons. 

5. Hormonal imbalance

There are many indications that a man is experiencing an imbalance of hormones.

A multitude of hormones apart from testosterone regulate reproductive health in men. Infertility can occur as a result of LH and FSH deficiency, two hormones produced by the pituitary gland.

Both of these stimulate the testes to produce testosterone and sperm. The decline in LH and FSH levels reduces both, leading to infertility.


About The Author

Dr Shivani Bhutani
A doctor with a rich background and high success rate, Dr. Shivani Bhutani offers the boon of parenthood to couples dealing with infertility. She has opulent knowledge and expertise in offering successful treatment for infertility in females, gynecological disorders and family planning consultation services. Highly dedicated, concerned and attentive, Dr. Shivani understands the bliss of parenthood and offers appropriate medical help.
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