Today, one in ten couples are facing reproductive problems. This predicament is equally prevalent among males and females.
Has it become a new issue for youngsters?
Is infertility treatable?
Does the use of contraceptive pills affect the ability to conceive?
We have interviewed a renowned infertility specialist, Dr. Shivani Bhutani, from Eva Hospital Ludhiana, who has given answers to these questions.
Here are excerpts from the interview to find out the valuable knowledge given.
Is infertility increasing in India? Is it curable?
Dr. Shivani Bhutani: Infertility cases in India have increased by 30% in the last 5 years.
The problem of infertility is not limited to women or city dwellers. The men and women of the village are also facing problems.
Issues with sperm count and traits in men are difficult for masses to understand. That is why they associate the problem of infertility with women.
As the reasons for the increase in difficulties in conceiving a child are due to lifestyle, stress, obesity, unhealthy eating and drinking habits, environmental pollution coupled with a medical disorder like diabetes (which is also emerging at a constant pace).
Almost all factors responsible for infertility can be cured with the help of a medical technology known as assisted reproductive technology.
There are medicines, IUI surgeries and assisted reproductive technology or ART such as in-vitro fertilization or IVF, which is also a predominant type of ART.
At Eva Infertility Clinic, we have given paternal happiness to many childless couples.
How does a person know when to consult an infertility specialist?
Dr. Shivani Bhutani: See, when a couple starts trying to conceive, it seems like a natural way.
The woman conceives a child when ovulation occurs. This is the day in the middle of the menstrual cycle.
If the female has normal and regular periods, then conception and pregnancy occur.
But if that doesn’t happen after 9 months of trying, then it’s time to see a specialist.
However, if there are no regular periods from the beginning then, she should consult a specialist first.
Many problems can be easily treated in an infertility clinic.
What do you mean by the term PCOS? And how does it affect the fertility of females?
Dr. Shivani Bhutani: PCOS is a condition in which the eggs are not released to the uterus because of the hormonal imbalance.
When a female does not ovulate on time and provides healthy eggs, it puts an impact on their fertility and treatment is required on an urgent basis.
It is fully treatable. Most women are not aware that they have PCOS and therefore treatment is delayed. One of the most common signs is an irregularity of the menstrual cycle.
Any unusual thing in periods demands consultation with your ob-Guyana – the sooner the better because a severe case of PCOS can be complicated.
Do you think that today’s lifestyle is affecting the ability of young people to become parents?
Dr. Shivani Bhutani: Yes, of course. Lifestyle and habits affect the fertility of both men and women.
The most common causes are lack of nutrition, weight, physical activity, joints, and mental effects such as stress, anxiety, or success.
In fact, diet also affects your hormones and overall health, which is important for fertility.
Do contraceptive methods affect your chances of conceiving a child?
Dr. Shivani Bhutani: No, this is a myth. Surprisingly, people do have faith in this.
Specifically, in Punjab people generally believe that contraceptive pills disturb the hormonal balance and make it difficult to have a baby.
I assure you, it is not. After stopping the usage of pills, one can conceive within a few weeks.
If some couples have problems then, it is not because of the pills, but because of some other condition that they may not already be aware of.
When a couple decides to become parents, they should consult a gynecologist.