MALE INFERTILITY – Causes & Treatment Options

Reproduction in males is believed to raise their significance in the public and as for some bring babies into this world is like taking a glass of water, to others, it’s like a storm.

Male infertility is a sexual condition where a man is unable to impregnate a fertile woman due to a variety of factors. Unlike women with a variety of sexual issues that cause infertility, male infertility centres are also around to provide sperm count and quality treatment.

It is difficult for any man to impregnate a woman in case he ejaculates less sperm and yet the quality is also poor.

Causes of Male Infertility

Male infertility is mainly categorized into two spheres

  • 1. Infertility due to sperm production issues

Sperm production issues include;

  • Infection
  • Radiation damage
  • Undescended testes (the failure of the testes to descend at birth)
  • Chromosomal factors
  • Genetic factors
  • Unexplained causes
  • Treatments
  • Varicocele
  • Torsion (twisting of the testes in the scrotum)
  • 2. Infertility due to sperm transportation
    Transportation issues include;
  • Vasectomy
  • Prostate issues
  • Vas Deferens absence
  • Infections

Other possible causes of male infertility are;

Hormonal issues

  • These are termed as pre-testicular issues and they include;
  • Congenital lack of LH/FSH
  • Pituitary tumors
  • Anabolic steroid abuse

Erection & Ejaculation problems

  • Ejaculation failure
  • Injury to the spinal cord
  • Nerve damage
  • Prostate surgery
  • Erectile Dysfunction
  • Premature ejaculation
  • Retrograde
  • Infrequent sexual intercourse

Most of these forms of infertility can only be diagnosed by a male fertility expert. Fertility experts indicate that 20% of males with male infertility produce sperms in the testes, but their count and quality hinder them from impregnating a woman.

Treatment Options for Male Infertility

Depending on the underlying condition, Male Infertility Treatment in India is provided to a man. Possible treatments include;

Pre-testicular treatments
These are provided through behavioural modification, assisted ejaculation, microsurgical reconstruction and sperm retrieval.

Testicular-Based Male Infertility
In this case, sperms are retrieved from a man and utilized for advanced reproduction procedures such as IVF, IUI, and ICSI.

Hormonal Treatment

Fertility experts utilize Luteinizing hormone (LH) with human chorionic gonadotropin in conjunction with Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) to treat and cure male infertility. This is due to hypogonadotropic hypogonadism.

Other forms of male infertility treatments with hormones include estrogens help in spermatogenesis. In addition, low-dose estrogens with testosterone are utilized in the case of extreme oligospermia to improve or develop sperm count and motility.

Male Infertility & ART

Attaining male infertility treatment requires the evaluation of the male partner. Depending on the type of treatment provided, a woman’s fertility status must be evaluated to facilitate pregnancy.

In case possible treatments for male infertility fail to produce the desired results, IVF can be an option. This may extremely increase one’s male infertility treatment cost in India and therefore, a couple ought to attain treatment from an advanced IVF centre.

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